How to Deploy to an EKS Cluster from a Jenkins Pipeline

eks k8s

In addition to our existing automation process, we will now explore complex architectures that utilize Kubernetes to run highly scalable solutions, such as microservices applications.


  • Basic knowledge of the terminal
  • jenkins server
  • AWS account
  • A smile on your face (Put up that smile friend ?)

Please note: This lab is not available for free practice. Utilizing EKS will incur charges from AWS.


In order to manage your EKS cluster on AWS and deploy applications to it, it is necessary to configure your Jenkins server to have the necessary capabilities to run Kubernetes commands, such as kubectl, helm, and other Kubernetes components. In our case, we will demonstrate how to prepare your Jenkins server and provide you with a step-by-step guide to achieve successful CI/CD integration.

Installed kubectl inside Jenkins Container

Following the previous demonstration where we worked with a Jenkins container, we will now delve into the Docker container environment:

docker exec -u 0 -it ID_container bash

Download the latest release with the command:

curl -LO "$(curl -L -s"

ensures that the kubectl binary file has the necessary permissions to be executed by the user running the Jenkins process

chmod +x kubectl

ensures that it is in a location accessible by the Jenkins process

mv ./kubectl  usr/local/bin/kubectl

Installed aws-iam-authenticator inside Jenkins Container

Next, we will proceed with downloading aws-iam-authenticator to establish a connection between our AWS account and the Jenkins server:

curl -Lo aws-iam-authenticator

execute permissions to the binary:

chmod +x ./aws-iam-authenticator

ensures that it is in a location accessible by the Jenkins process

mv ./aws-iam-authenticator  usr/local/bin/

Created ./kube/config and copied inside the Jenkins Container

In this step, you will require three components from your EKS cluster.

  • K8s cluster name
  • server endpoint
  • certificate-authority-data

To be punctual try to run this command on your local machine if you had already AWS CLI

aws eks update-kubeconfig --region region-code --name my-cluster 

See the documentation here to create config file here

Now, using the following command, copy the configuration file from your server to the Jenkins container:

docker cp config container_id:/var/jenkins_home/.kube

Created Jenkins Credential

Best practice would be create an AWS IAM user for jenkins with limited permissions

After creating the user, obtain the aws_access_key_id and aws_secret_access_key. Then, navigate to the credentials section in Jenkins and create a secret text entry to securely store your credentials.

Created simple Jenkinsfile that deploys to EKS cluster

Let’s proceed to create a deployment stage for deploying our example image, such as an NGINX image:

stage('deploy') {
            environment {
               AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID = credentials('jenkins_aws_access_key_id')
               AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY = credentials('jenkins_aws_secret_access_key')
            steps {
                script {
                   echo 'deploying docker image...'
                   sh 'kubectl create deployment nginx-deployment --image=nginx'


By utilizing this Jenkins file, you will save significant time and accomplish multiple tasks simultaneously. Furthermore, we can enhance this Jenkins file to facilitate the deployment of monitoring tools in the next blog. Stay tuned for updates. If you have any questions or suggestions, please feel free to reach out to me.